- DON'T - Use your toilet tank lid for a shelf. Small items
could fall into the toilet. Items such as a box of Kleenex is OK. Also, you need to be
able to remove it quickly in case of overflow.
- DON'T - Have a knick-knack shelf above your toilet.
- DON'T - Pour a bucket of dirty water into your toilet; it
may contain a hidden scrub rag.
- DON'T - Pour hot water into toilet; temperature change
will crack the bowl.
- DON'T - Put any type cleaning device into your toilet
tank. Clean inside the tank by hand.
- DON'T - Hang wire type odor tablet in toilet
- DON'T - Put a brick in your toilet tank to save water.
- DO - Adjust water level.
- DON'T - Use the toilet bowl for a scrub tub or pail.
- DON'T - Leave diapers soaking in the toilet bowl.
- DON'T - Throw disposable diapers in toilet.
- DON'T - Keep your waste basket in the kitchen and bathroom
under the sink. This has a tendency to keep bumping the pipes and causes leaks.
- DON'T - Throw sanitary napkins into the toilet.
- DON'T - When painting around the house, paint any of your
copper water lines.
- DON'T - Forget at least twice a year to put a garden hose
on the boiler drain at the bottom of your hot water tank and run until the water clears
up. Spray this valve with a little oil also. I use WD-40.
- DON'T - Forget to check your flu pipe from your hot water
tank to the chimney for leakage of fumes.
- DON'T - Let your water valves rust shut. Put some oil on
the stem and open and close them a few times. If it leaks at the stem use a crescent
wrench and tighten bonnet nut at the handle. Spray a little oil on the whole valve. Keeps
Here are some of the things I have removed from plumbing
over the years of home plumbing calls: Small bottles, yo-yo's, tooth brushes, toys of all
kinds, wire odor tablets, cigarette lighters, golf balls, lids and caps, car keys, hair
curlers, false teeth, cream jars, wallets, combs, knick-knacks, pens and pencils.
- DO - Keep these items away from the toilet.
- DON'T - Let the children play in the bathroom with toys
small enough to go down your toilet trap.
- DO - Get in the habit of putting the back of the toilet
seat down before flushing.
But if you haven't put into affect my DO's and DON'Ts,
and you flush the toilet and the water in the bowl starts coming up and not down, quickly
remove the tank lid, reach into the middle bottom of tank and push the rubber ball or
flapper back down over the outlet. Then shut off the water supply.
Now if you are sure you haven't let something like the
above listed objects fall into the toilet, you can usually use a plunger to open the
toilet. But if you are missing something from the toilet area that could be in the bowl,
you will have to use a toilet auger to try and retrieve the object. If you can't remove it
with the auger, the toilet will have to be fitted.
- DO - If you have a water leak from below your bathroom
directly below your bath tub shower, and it only leaks when you take a shower, here's what
to look for:
- DO - Check the entire tile wall on the inside area of the
bathtub for cracks, etc. To repair, use a tube of tub & tile caulking seal.
- DO - Check the wall, especially around the handles and the
spout of the faucet, seal all openings with caulking.
- DO - Check the inside edge of the shower door track.
- DO - If the water leak is below the toilet, first check
the water pipe where tank and bowl are connected together. If there is no sign of water on
the floor around the pipe, chances are your toilet needs to be lifted and a new wax ring
installed (refer to toilet installation).
- DO - If you go on vacation or are away from home for a few
days, always shut off your water supply to your home.
- DO - Keep heat on where water pipes and drain pipes are
located in your home, when temperature is 32 degrees or colder.
- DO - If you can't put heat in an area where water pipes
are, use an electric heat tape.
- DO - If your kitchen sink is located on an outside wall,
leave cupboard doors open in severe cold weather.
- DO - Shut off all outside faucets in cold weather if they
aren't of the frost proof type.
- DO - If you are closing up a home in the wintertime and
there will be no heat in the home, shut off the water supply at the street or in the
- DO - Open all faucets in the home and leave them open.
- DO - Open drain at bottom of hot water tank and drain.
- DO - Remove all water from toilet tank and bowl.
- DO - Put permanent Anti-freeze in toilet bowl and a small
amount in the bottom of the toilet tank.
- DO - Put anti-freeze in all sink drains and bath and
shower drains, enough to fill the traps.
- DO - If you wish, remove traps on sinks, but be sure and
plug up open line, to keep out sewer gas fumes.
HOW TO INSTALL A NEW TOILET
If your toilet is old and in need
of repairs, it is really cheaper to install a new one. This is the easiest of all the
plumbing jobs in the home to do and if you follow my simple instructions you can put yours
1. Shut off the water to the toilet, use a bucket
and a cloth or a sponge to remove the water left in tank and bowl after you flush the
2. Using a pair of channel pliers, or a small pipe
wrench (8"), remove the nut where the water line fastens to the ballcock valve under
the left side of the bottom of the tank. Next use a small crescent wrench, remove the two
1/4" nuts holding the bowl to the floor flange. Remove old toilet. Remove the water
line from the valve or fitting at floor or wall.
3. Now you are ready to install your new toilet.
Put the two 1/4" bolts in the side holes of the flange with the bolt head in the
flange. Put some of the old wax at this spot to hold the bolts straight up and across from
each other. Put new wax ring on flange, flat side up if tapered.
4. Set new bowl only straight down so it centers
on wax rings and both bolts come through holds on each side of bowl. Sit on bowl facing
wall until your weight puts bowl flush with the floor. Put metal washers and nuts on bolts
and tighten until snug. Do not over-tighten as you can crack the bowl. Tighten these again
after toilet is completely installed and filled with water.
5. Next put 2" rubber gasket on tank where it
sets on the bowl, put rubber washers on bolts provided under the bolt head so they will be
on the inside of the tank. Pick up tank and set on bowl over holes in bowl where bolts go
through. Sit on bowl facing wall. Put bolts on from the inside of the tank into holes in
bowl, put on metal washers and nuts and tighten. Hold tank level and tighten so it brings
tank down level. Use a large screw driver inside tank and a crescent wrench or end wrench
to back up nut under bowl. Tighten with screw driver. Hook water supply to tank, turn on
water, check for leaks, snug up the bolts holding bowl to floor. If there is a space
between the back of the tank and the wall, put a spacer of sort there to brace tank. A
piece of wood or hard rubber works fine.
- Toilet bowl
- Toilet tank
- Toilet seat
- Two 1/4" bolts for bowl to flange
- Wax ring
- 20" water supply with fitting at valve or floor
Now DO put my DO's and DON'Ts into use, and
your new toilet will never need a plumber. But if and when you do, in the San Diego
Diego Plumbers, San Diego Plumbing Contractors.
WATER CONSERVATION BEGINS AT HOME
I believe if we tried we could cut
our water use in half. There are many more ways other than the ones I have in my report.
Have an idea of your own ? Write it down. Sometimes some things we don't think are
worthwhile are great ideas.
Like the young man who went into one of the larger
toothpaste companies and told the president of the company if he paid him a sizeable
amount of money, he would give him his idea on how he could double his toothpaste
business. The company president agreed, and the young man said, okay here's what you do,
make the hole in all of your toothpaste tubes twice the size it is now, this will double
the use of your toothpaste, and double your sales.
HERE ARE SOME OF MY IDEAS
The first thing to do is to check
your entire plumbing system for leaks - leaking faucets, water pipes, etc. If you don't
think a leaking faucet will waste water, put the stopper in a sink where one is leaking
The toilet is the worst water waster of all. Flush
the toilet and wait until it supposedly shuts off, then listen at the tank for a hissing
or trickling sound, if you hear a noise here's what to do:
Check the rubber tank ball or flapper in the
middle of the toilet tank at the bottom. If the ball is old and has lost its shape,
replace it. Also using a fine steel wool pad, clean off the seat under the ball till it is
smooth. If the noise is from the ballcock valve on the left side of the tank, and is of
the type with the quarter inch rod with a metal or plastic float ball, lift up on the rod.
If the noise stops, then starts again after you let go, chances are your ballcock valve is
bad and needs to be replaced. If, when you are holding the quarter inch rod up and the
water leaks out of the tank, and you have already replaced the rubber ball or the flapper,
check the liftwire or the chain from the ball to the handle, and make sure it is not
dropping the ball wrong, or is in a bind.
FLUSH YOUR TOILET AT ANY TIME, ALWAYS WAIT UNTIL YOU ARE SURE IT SHUTS OFF, ESPECIALLY IF
YOU ARE LEAVING THE HOUSE. IF YOU ARE LEAVING YOUR HOUSE FOR A VACATION OR ONLY FOR A
COUPLE DAYS, IT'S A GOOD IDEA TO SHUT YOUR MAIN WATER VALVE OFF. IT MIGHT SAVE A GREAT
WATER LOSS, AS WELL AS A LOT OF DAMAGE TO YOUR HOME.
I had a plumbing call to a home where the people
had gone on vacation for two weeks. The last person to leave the home flushed the toilet
and did not wait to be sure it shut off before leaving.
HERE'S WHAT HAPPENED:
The toilet stopped up when the last person flushed
it. The rubber ball did not drop back straight and the water ran over the toilet bowl for
HERE'S WHAT THEY FOUND WHEN THEY RETURNED HOME AFTER TWO WEEKS:
- The bathroom and the kitchen floors had warped.
- The tile and the carpet was ruined.
- The plaster ceiling in the kitchen had fallen.
- The woodwork and the doors were all warped.
- The formica counter tops in the kitchen had lifted.
- Below the kitchen in the basement, the father and son's very
expensive car and train set were severely damaged.
NOW this was in the winter time, and the furnace
was left on to keep the water pipes from freezing. The water went down from the first
floor and leaked onto the furnace which made steam, the steam went into every room in the
house and caused the wallpaper to fall off the walls in every room.
LOOK AT THE WATER WASTED HERE AS WELL AS THE $ COST
- When using your bathroom or kitchen sink, don't let the water
run when you don't need to.
- Take shorter showers.
- Turn off the shower when you are lathering up.
- Don't let the water run while brushing your teeth.
- When using your washing machine, and only washing a small amount
of clothes, set the water level for less water.
Take the quarter inch refill tube that goes from
the toilet ballcock valve into the overflow pipe in the toilet tank, and fasten it so the
water from it goes into the tank and helps to fill it faster. You can only do this if when
your toilet is flushed it retraps itself. While the toilet is refilling after being
flushed, it doesn't take as much water as is put into the bowl from the refill tube. Every
little bit helps.
HERE IS A GOOD WATER
If the water pressure in your home is more than you need. DO THIS:
Close your main water valve until your pressure
slows down some, but is still enough for your needs. Or do this to the smaller valves
under your kitchen and bathroom sink. A lot of homes have a lot more pressure than they
UNDERGROUND WATER LEAKS
Sometimes there are water leaks underground
between your home, the street, or your outside water supply.
These go undetected for years. Here's one way you
can check your line for a leak. Put your ear on the water meter in your home and put your
finger in your other ear. If you hear a hissing sound like pressure releasing you probably
have a leak in your line. Be sure no one is running water in the house when doing this.
Most of the time a leak underground will eventually come to the top of the ground, but I
have had some leaks that I found had worked their way into the sewer line under it, and
had been leaking for years.
To check this, remove the clean out plug on your
sewer line to the street. Put your ear at that point and listen, if you have a leak you
will be able to hear it in the sewer line. Again be sure no one is running water.
HERE ARE SOME OF THE WAYS
A CITY COULD SAVE WATER
Then, if you need a Plumber... and are in the San Diego area:
Diego Plumbers, Plumbing Contractors
In areas where the water pressure is greater than
needed, the city water deptartment could install a pressure regulator valve at the water
meter in these homes to control the amount water used.
Another good water saver would be to require in
new home construction that a small spring valved wall hung urinal be installed in all
A TOILET WHEN FLUSHED USES ABOUT SIX GALLONS OF WATER.
A SMALL WALL HUNG SPRING VALVED URINAL USES LESS THAN ONE GALLON.
LOOK AT THE WATER THAT COULD BE SAVED HERE.
HERE IS A TWENTY FIVE YEAR
I worked as a maintenance plumber in one of the
larger hospitals in the area. Here's what I found one day.
The kitchen of the hospital had a tile floor, and
at one area the tile floor was always hot, so much so, the workers were always complaining
of being too warm. One day while working on the water piping, we had to turn off the water
for a long time.
I later happened to kneel down on the floor where
it was always hot. It had cooled down. When we turned the water back on we found a water
line leaking under the floor where it was always hot. We repaired the hot water pipe,
turned the water back on, and the floor stayed cool.
I then began to explain to the kitchen supervisor
what we had found. She said she had worked here for twenty five years and the tile floor
in that area had always been hot.
A twenty five year water leak. Can you believe the
water loss here? I'll bet if we checked all over the good old U.S.A. we could find some
water being wasted.